Hypertension or high blood pressure is one indicator of high-risk pregnancies. Therefore, this condition must be wary of all pregnant women. Hypertension in pregnancy may be mild, but if not treated properly it can lead to serious and even life-threatening problems both mother and fetus.
There are several types of hypertension in pregnancy that need to be known so that pregnant women can maintain health and safety of the fetus during the womb.
Types of Hypertension in Pregnancy
Sometimes high blood pressure has appeared before pregnancy. In other cases, high blood pressure becomes more progressive during pregnancy. Some of the most common are as follows:
Women with gestational hypertension usually develop high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy. This is indicated by no excess protein in the urine or other signs of organ damage. Some pregnant women with gestational hypertension eventually develop high blood into preeclampsia.
Chronic hypertension is a high blood pressure that exists before pregnancy or occurs before 20 weeks of pregnancy. But because high blood pressure, usually has no symptoms, it may be difficult to determine when the occurrence of this high blood pressure.
Chronic hypertension with preeclampsia
This condition occurs in women with chronic high blood pressure before pregnancy which then develops worse. This high blood pressure is accompanied by the discovery of proteins in the urine or the presence of other complications during pregnancy.
Sometimes chronic hypertension or gestational hypertension causes preeclampsia. Complications of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to other organ systems are usually after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
If untreated, preeclampsia can cause serious and even fatal things like complications for mother and baby. Previously, preeclampsia was diagnosed when a pregnant woman had high blood pressure and found protein in her urine. However, experts now know that it can happen preeclampsia, although it has no signs of protein in the urine.
Preeclampsia sometimes develops without symptoms. High blood pressure can develop slowly, but more often, suddenly. Blood pressure monitoring is an important part of pregnancy care, because the first sign of preeclampsia is generally an increase in blood pressure. Blood pressure from 140/90 (mm Hg) or greater.