One of the diseases to watch out for during pregnancy is hypertension in pregnancy. Although this does not always threaten pregnant women, some are mild and not serious. But in some cases, high blood pressure can be severe and can be harmful to the mother and fetus. Some women with high blood pressure during pregnancy may experience pre-eclampsia which is a more serious condition.
The Risk of Hypertension in Pregnancy
Hypertension in a pregnancy that is not handled properly can harm the baby and yourself. The following are the risks or negative effects of hypertension in pregnancy.
The blood flow to the placenta is reduced.
This condition can make the baby in the womb do not get enough oxygen and nutrients.
Fetal growth is inhibited.
Lack of oxygen supply and nutrients to the fetus can inhibit the growth of the fetus, causing the baby to be born with low weight, or premature birth.
In order to save your life and the baby, sometimes doctors will suggest the birth of a baby prematurely. Way by way of induction or caesarean section. This is done to prevent eclampsia and other complications.
This is a condition when the placenta is separated from the inner wall of the uterus prior to labor. If this happens, your placenta will be damaged. You will also experience great bleeding. Both of these things can endanger your life and your baby.
The baby dies in the womb.
This condition may occur during pregnancy five months or more. The baby dies in the womb because it does not get enough oxygen and nutrients it needs.
The development of cardiovascular disease.
If you have reached the stage of preeclampsia, then you are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease after delivery, especially if you have a premature baby. But you can minimize the risk by living a healthy lifestyle after childbirth.
Symptoms of Hypertension in Pregnancy
Be aware of signs and symptoms of hypertension in pregnancy as follows:
The discovery of excess protein in the urine (proteinuria) or additional signs of kidney problems.
Change of vision, blurred vision or light sensitivity.
Pain in the upper abdomen, usually under your ribs on the right side.
Nausea or vomiting.
Urine from urination decreases.
Decreased levels of platelets in the blood.
Impaired liver function.
Shortness of breath, this is caused by fluid in the lungs.
A sudden increase in weight and swelling (edema), especially in the face and hands, often accompanies preeclampsia. But these things also happen in many normal pregnancies, so sometimes it is not considered a sign of preeclampsia.