Complications are an unwelcome change of a disease, health condition or therapy. The disease may become worse or show greater number of symptoms or pathological changes, which spread throughout the body or affect other organ systems.
Some serious illnesses that are the effects of hypertensive complications such as stroke, kidney, and heart disease. Some of these examples are seriously dreaded illnesses. That is the reason why it is very important and mandatory to reduce hypertension to normal limits, and always keep it under control.
Some essential complications of hypertension that can happen are:
It is the most common cause of death in people with hypertension. Heart disease due to hypertension (hypertensive heart disease) is the result of adaptation of structures and heart function to hypertension. The results of this adaptation include heart space enlargement, chronic congestive heart failure (often known as a swollen heart), disruption of blood flow in the blood vessels of the heart resulting in heart attacks, as well as heart rhythm disturbances.
When high blood pressure, heart muscle pumps blood harder to meet the needs of blood to all parts of the body. This makes the heart muscle long-thickened so that the heart difficulty pumping enough blood. Consequently, heart failure can occur. Common symptoms of heart failure are shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling in the wrists, legs, abdomen, and blood vessels in the neck.
Kidneys have many blood vessels of very small size. The blood vessels are sensitive to elevated blood pressure. If the blood pressure is left high for a long time will make the blood vessels in the kidney damaged consequently kidney function becomes disturbed even to fail. High blood pressure and kidney damage are vicious circles, meaning high blood pressure makes kidney damage, and kidney damage is exacerbating hypertension. Kidney damage is one of the most dangerous long-term complications of high blood pressure.
This disease can occur when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to some areas of the brain is disrupted, for example because there is a blockage or there are broken blood vessels. This blockage occurs due to the presence of atherosclerosis in the blood vessels. In people who have hypertension, a stroke may occur when the blood pressure is too high so that the blood vessels in one area of the brain rupture. Symptoms of stroke include paralysis or numbness of the face, hands, and feet, speech impediment, and difficulty seeing.