Of all the health problems that dominate the world of modern health, hypertension may be one of the most challenging diseases. Not only because of the many consequences of hypertension, this disease can also cause a myriad of problems that affect the heart, kidneys, brain, and even eyes.
In order to avoid the risk of hypertension it is important to check and monitor blood pressure as detection efforts of hypertension. Blood pressure monitoring should be done every two years for those over 20 and once a year for people over 40. This examination applies to those who have normal blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, obesity, cholesterol and heredity.
Basically a strong suspicion of someone suffering from hypertension occurs when there are the following things:
Family history of hypertension
If both parents have hypertension, there is a high probability that the person will have hypertension (primary). Also check whether in the family there is a heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, diabetes, or high cholesterol.
Age of the sufferer
Primary hypertension usually appears in people between the ages of 25 and 45 years. Only about 20% are hypertensive under the age of 25 or above 45 years.
Risk factor data
The presence or absence of hypertension factors, such as: smokers, likes to consume alcohol, obesity, stress, and the habit of eating salty foods.
The more weight gain, the higher the demand for nutrients, requires the heart to work more heavily, resulting in increased blood pressure. It does not mean that all obese people have a high blood pressure, there is also a normal blood pressure. But in general, the more fat one is, the higher the blood pressure.
Blood is too thick
The thicker the blood, the harder the heart works, the higher the blood pressure. Blood is too thick can be caused by excess blood sugar, cholesterol, blood fats (triglycerides), and the effects of smoking.
Blood is too dilute or less blood (anemia)
Blood that is too dilute or less blood forces the heart to work harder to pump blood, resulting in high blood pressure.
The dangerous risks that hypertension may cause, it is better to prevent than cure by checking blood pressure for hypertension detection.